The Portland Cement Association (PCA) website reports a 6.8 percent increase in cement consumption between 2003 and 2004 and estimates an increase of 5.0 percent for 2005.

U.S. cement manufacturers, who have, according to PCA reports, been operating at maximum levels since at least 2004, are spending some $ 3.5 billion to build new plants and expand existing facilities. The industry expects to increase cement production by 14.5 million tons by 2010, according the PCA. Despite the cement industry pinch, a new record setting self-consolidating-concrete pour was set in Chicago on September 30 with the laying of SOM designed Trump International Hotel and Tower foundation, a 5,000 cubic-yard pour that lasted 24 hours.